Personal, Social, Health, Education (PSHE)
Our vision, “belong, respect, inspire, succeed and enjoy” lie at the very heart of our curriculum at Hadley Learning Community Primary School. We pride ourselves on creating a nurturing learning environment in which each child is encouraged to develop their full potential and where their achievements and successes are celebrated and rewarded. We encourage all our children to be unique, positive and mindful individuals,
As a school, we recognise that all children are unique individuals and therefore we aim to encourage mutual respect, responsibility and foster self-esteem in a happy and caring atmosphere. The teaching and learning of PSHE supports and upholds this vision.
Personal, Social, Health Education provides pupils the knowledge, skills and understanding they need to lead confident, healthy, independent lives and to become informed, active, responsible citizens. The curriculum focusses on Health and Wellbeing, Relations ships and Living in the Wider World: economic wellbeing and being a responsible citizen. It is the responsibility of all staff in school to encourage all pupils to develop an understanding of what is right and wrong and to take responsibility for their own behaviour.
At HLC we use the JIGSAW scheme as a basis for our PSHE teaching and learning. It offers a comprehensive program for Primary PSHE including statutory Relationships and Health Education, in a spiral, progressive and fully planned scheme of work, giving children relevant learning experiences to help them navigate their world and to develop positive relationships with themselves and others. Activities are planned according to the levels and needs of the children. We take into account prior learning, knowledge and skills already gained. It is reviewed and evaluated regularly to ensure provision is relevant, up-to-date and of the highest quality.
Our curriculum is split into 6 core themes. The theme is taught across the school at the same time. Whole school Collective worship links to the key themes.
- Being Me In My World
- Celebrating Differences
- Goals and Dreams
- Healthy Me
- Changing Me
The aims of PSHE education within HLC are to provide children with:
- accurate and relevant knowledge
- opportunities to create personal understanding
- opportunities to explore and challenge a range of values, attitudes, beliefs, rights and responsibilities
- a range of skills and strategies to live a healthy, safe, fulfilling, responsible and balanced life.
PSHE deals with the diverse beliefs, values and attitudes that individuals, our Community and wider societies hold. Staff support pupils to develop themselves, their understanding of the world, and their ability to communicate their feelings.
PSHE helps children to acquire British Values and attitudes which are necessary if they are to make sense of their experiences within school and life itself, value themselves, respect others, appreciate differences and diversity and feel confident and informed as a British citizen. We develop the children’s awareness of their personal safety and the process by which they can seek help and information as well as learning the behaviour expected of them as responsible citizens.
PSHE education cannot exist in isolation. At HLC it is part of a whole school approach and our curriculum provides a range of active learning opportunities for children to make links to other areas of learning and explore a wide range of social, moral, cultural and behavioral issues. Lessons are delivered in partnership with the children, parents and outside agencies where appropriate. These include the school Nurses, NSPCC and the Local Education Road Safety team.
As a school, we aim to enrich the lives of our children by providing them with the skills and opportunities to apply their learning within and beyond the curriculum. PSHE underpins our school ethos and is delivered as a rolling programme from Early Years to Year 6.
Through PSHE, we believe we can enhance children’s education and help them become caring, tolerant, respectful and confident individuals. We provide them with the knowledge and skills to be respectful of themselves and others, valuing the differences and similarities between people.
Relationship and Health Education (RHE)
Our aim to prepare our pupils and equip them with foundations for a successful and healthy life – filled with positive relationships, consideration for the safety of themselves and others and a confidence in their own morals and behaviours. We aim to prepare children for puberty, to cope with the physical and emotional changes of growing up and the demands of Secondary school. We aim to provide children with enough information to keep them safe and prepare them for loving, stable relationships in a family context. This involves acquiring accurate information, developing skills and forming positive beliefs, values and attitudes.
We will provide a curriculum in which accurate information can be taught and children will feel secure and confident to discuss sensitive issues and feelings. We will create a positive culture in which all pupils will be respectful of others around issues of sexuality and relationships. We will prepare pupils for puberty and give them an understanding of sexual development and the importance of health and hygiene.
Through our curriculum we aim to promote best practice and consistency in teaching across the school, to ensure that children are taught at an appropriate developmental stage and they can use the correct vocabulary to describe themselves and their bodies. We will support pupils to have feelings of self-respect, confidence and empathy.
The school is committed to the provision of RHE to all its pupils.
Our programme aims to respond to the diversity of children’s cultures, faiths and family backgrounds. Equal time and provision will be allocated for all groups but there may be occasions where pupils with Special Educational Needs and /or disabilities are given extra support from SEN staff.
RHE is about the emotional, social and cultural development of pupils, and involves learning about relationships, sexual health, sexuality, healthy lifestyles, diversity and personal identity.
RHE involves a combination of sharing information, and exploring issues and values.
RHE is not about the promotion of sexual activity.
We follow the Jigsaw PHSE curriculum. We have developed the RHE (Changing Me) curriculum in consultation with parents and staff, taking into account the age, needs and feelings of pupils. If pupils ask questions outside the scope of this policy, teachers will respond in an appropriate manner so they are fully informed and don’t seek answers online. Parents will be informed of these discussions if the staff member feels it is relevant.
Primary sex education will focus on:
- Preparing boys and girls for the changes that adolescence brings
- How a baby is conceived and born
As a school we believe that Relationship and Health Education (RHE) should be firmly embedded through all curriculum areas, including Personal and Social Health Education through the implementation of the Jigsaw documents
In the Early Years (Nursery and Reception) Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PSED) is a prime area of learning. ‘Development Matters’ is used as a teaching, learning and assessment tool in this Key Stage. Children in this Key Stage learn about building relationships, they build self-confidence and awareness and they begin to manage their feelings and behaviours. In addition to this, health and self- care are taught through the prime area ‘Physical Development’.
The Changing Me topic comprises of the following aspects that cover from R-Y6, with an age appropriate focus.
- Understand that everyone is unique and special
- Can express how they feel when change happens
- Understand and respect the changes that they see in themselves
- Understand and respect the changes that they see in other people
- Know who to ask for help if they are worried about change
- Are looking forward to change
In Key Stage 1 pupils learn to recognise similarities and differences between themselves and others, naming the body parts and how they have changed as they grow. They identify and share their feelings with each other, recognise safe and unsafe situations and identify people they trust and feel that they can talk to/confide in. They learn how to build positive relationships with their peers; how to develop self-confidence, how different families can be constructed and they begin to learn about life cycles.
In Key Stage 2 pupils learn to express their opinions about relationships, bullying and to listen to and support others, including respecting other people’s viewpoints and beliefs. They learn to recognise their own worth, identify positive things about themselves and try to balance the stresses in life in order to promote their own mental health and well-being of others. An appreciation of diversity and equality for all continues to be nurtured throughout KS2; children learn about how family structure, faith and beliefs can make each family unique and how these differences are to be valued and respected. Children in this Key Stage learn about their environments and the lives of others around the world.
In Years 5 and 6 life processes are discussed including the physical changes that take place at puberty, why they happen and how to manage them. When preparing to teach issues surrounding puberty parents will be informed about the content of the lessons prior to the lesson commencing.
RHE is taught within the Personal, Social, Health and Economic (PSHE) education curriculum. Biological aspects of RHE are taught within the science curriculum. This is through the ‘Changing Me’ sequence of lessons that will be taught in second half of the Summer term. Lessons are taught by the class teacher and supported by the Learning Support Mentor.
Relationships education focuses on teaching the fundamental building blocks and characteristics of positive relationships including:
- Know how to make friends
- Try to solve friendship problems when they occur
- Help others to feel part of a group
- Show respect in how they treat others
- Know how to help themselves and others when they feel upset or hurt
- Know and show what makes a good relationship
These areas of learning are taught within the context of family life taking care to ensure that there is no stigmatisation of children based on their home circumstances (families can include single parent families, LGBT parents, families headed by grandparents, adoptive parents, foster parents/carers amongst other structures) along with reflecting sensitively that some children may have a different structure of support around them (for example: looked after children or young carers).
At HLC we aim to prepare our pupils and equip them with foundations for a successful and healthy life – filled with positive relationships, consideration for the safety of themselves and others and a confidence in their own morals and behaviours. We strive to provide children with enough information to keep them safe and prepare them for loving, stable relationships in a family context.